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The International Institute for Holocaust Research

Research Projects

The Deportations of Jews Project

Jews prior to boarding the deportation train in Wiesbaden, Germany, 29 August 1942 Jews prior to boarding the deportation train in Wiesbaden, Germany, 29 August 1942
Women and children on a deportation steamship, Thrace, Greece, March 1943 Women and children on a deportation steamship, Thrace, Greece, March 1943
Jews being loaded onto a deportation truck, Włocławek, Poland Jews being loaded onto a deportation truck, Włocławek, Poland

The Pan-European Deportation Database and Research Project is reconstructing all transports of Jews from every Jewish community carried out by the Nazi regime during the period of the Shoah.  The intention is to collect reliable and detailed information about each transport route, the bureaucratic system as well as the socio-economic background of the victims, enabling a comprehensive research of the deportation apparatus.  The researchers are using a wide range of documents, including official Nazi documentation, personal accounts of survivors and various studies on deportations carried out since 1945.

The project is focusing on three key features of the deportations: the dates of the transport, their geographical origins, actual route of the transports, pick-up points, length of journey and means of transport used throughout the entire process. This information provides an accurate and detailed reconstruction of the event, taking into account various incidents happening along the way.

The second feature studied is the bureaucratic apparatus, which carried out the deportation process in Germany and occupied Europe. This mechanism included officials in Nazi security services such as Adolf Eichmann, but also ordinary local policeman who rounded up Jews. In addition, the project is investigating the degree of collaboration of civil organizations and civil servants such as European rail companies that participated in the process.

The profile of the victims is the third element represented in this project.

Use of up-dated deportation lists along with additional demographic data derived from archival sources, enables the Institute’s researchers to present a socio-economic profile of the victims, as well as that of the Jewish communities on the eve of their destructions.

Deportation Database and Research Project Online Guide

The results of the project are beling placed into a database, which are being presented in a digital format and will provide a broad overview of the deportation process as well as detailed information regarding specific transports and a profile of the victims. The database is intended for the use of researchers, relatives of victims who wish to find details regarding the fate of their family members and those wishing to expand their knowledge on the Shoah.

This online guide includes most of the transports that originated from cities in Germany, Austria, Czechoslovakia, Luxemburg and the Netherlands, between 1939 and 1945. This guide is part of a large-scale research project –"Transports to Extinction"- that records, and describes in detail, the deportations of Jews to ghettos, camps, and death camps during the Holocaust. The guide provides basic information about the transports. Some of the items that appear on the list are linked to the project's web site, where additional information and documentation are presented.

Currently the site provides information on 298 transports that left Vienna, Prague (Praha) and Berlin.

Project Staff

Dr. Joel Zisenwine
Project Director

Ms. Aviv Shashar
Project Coordinator, Researcher

Mr. Daniel Farkas
Researcher

Mr. Avi Kotsere-Berg
Researcher

Mr. Alon Elkin
Researcher

Mr. Enno Raschke
Researcher

Ms. Malgorzata A. Maksymiak
Researcher