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Yad Vashem Virtues of Memory

Yehuda Bacon

Yehuda Bacon. Muselmann, c. 1948

Muselmann, c. 1948
Oil on cardboard
48.6x32.1 cm

Yehuda Bacon

Yehuda Bacon (Czechoslovakia, 1929)

Born in Moravska Ostrava, to a Hasidic family. In 1942, he was deported with his family to the Theresienstadt Ghetto. In the ghetto he was housed in the youth barracks and was one of the editors of the youth magazine “Vedem”. In 1943, he was deported with his family to Auschwitz to the “family camp”. In 1944, he was transferred to the men’s camp, where he joined the Rollwagenkommando, charged with transferring possessions, corpses and ashes. With the liquidation of Auschwitz, he was sent on a death march to Blechhammer, Mauthausen and Gunskirchen, where he was liberated on 5 May 1945. Immediately following liberation, he drew sketches of the crematoria in Auschwitz. These were subsequently submitted as evidence in the Eichmann Trial. He returned to Prague and stayed in an orphanage until he immigrated to Eretz Israel with Youth Aliya in 1946. He graduated from the Bezalel Academy of Art and continued to study in Italy, London, New York and Paris. He lives and paints in Jerusalem.