Traditional forms of antisemitism never died out after the Holocaust and have continued to flourish, especially since the dawn of the 21st century. In the countries of the former Communist bloc, such ideas are commonplace and are frequently combined with blaming Jews for the suffering imposed on those countries during the Communist era. In many Western countries, the political far left has also adopted antisemitic ideas, especially as part of their extreme anti-Israel stance regarding the conflict in the Middle East. As a result strange bedfellows have emerged, like neo-Nazis and anti-globalization activists, who find common ground in antisemitism.
In the Arab/Muslim world, classical Western antisemitsm appeared in the late 19th and early 20th century. These ideas combined with negative images about the Jews taken from the Koran, and especially after the Six Day War in 1967, this type of antisemitism gained ground as part of the explanation for Israel’s victory and as part of a general rejection of the West. Holocaust Denial, which began in the West, has emerged as a mainstream idea in much of the Arab/Muslim world, as well.