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The Holocaust

The Holocaust Resource Center

Faqs

What was the Holocaust?

Is the Holocaust a singular event in history?

How many Jews were murdered in the Holocaust? How do we know? Do we have their names?

How many Jews were murdered in each country?

Who were other victims of Nazism? How was their fate similar to and different from the fate of the Jews?

When and How did the Nazis come to power?

How did the Nazis treat the Jews for the first years after their accession?

How did the Jews in Nazi Germany respond to their persecution before the war?

Why didn't more Jews leave Europe before the war began?

Why didn't more Jews go to Palestine before the war?

To which countries did the Jews of the Reich immigrate before the outbreak of the war? How many entered each country?

Why did the Nazis murder the Jews?

When and how did the Nazis decide to murder the Jews under their control?

What were the largest ghettos, how many Jews were in them, and when were they liquidated?

What conditions prevailed in the ghettos?

How did Jews cope with conditions in the ghettos?

What were the Einsatzgruppen and what was their role in the murder of the Jews?

Which German units took part in the murder of the Jews?

What were the gas vans? When and where were they used?

Who built the gas chambers? What kind of gas was used to kill Jews there, and who provided it?

What were concentration camps? When did they start to function, and what was their purpose?

What were the extermination camps? When did they start to function, and what was their purpose?

What role did German-dominated governments play in the murder of Jews?

What role did non-German civilians play in the murder of Jews?

How did the Nazis try to hide their atrocities?

When did the world learn about the Holocaust? How did information reach the free world?

What did the Jews of America do to help European Jewry during the war?

Why didn't the Allies bomb Auschwitz?

What were the Judenraete (Jewish Councils)?

Who are some of the best known Jewish leaders during the Holocaust, and what did they accomplish?

How did the Jews resist the Nazis' murderous assault?

Who are the 'Righteous Among the Nations'?

In what condition were the Jews in Germany and Poland after the liberation? How did their rehabilitation start?

What is Holocaust Denial?

Was religious Judaism the object of Nazi persecution and did the Nazis primarily harm religious Jews?

Did the Rabbis desert their communities during the Holocaust and, in general, how did the community leadership respond?

To what extent did Jews hold to traditional law throughout the Holocaust?

Did the Holocaust cause a questioning of faith among the Jews?