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The Holocaust

The Holocaust Resource Center

The Nazi Regime and the Collapse of German Democracy

The Nazi movement was one of several different anti-democratic movements that were active in Europe and in particular in Germany between the two world wars , some of these were antisemitic. Ultimately, the continuing political crisis in Germany brought about the collapse of democracy and the rise of the Nazi regime. Hitler's appointment as chancellor of Germany in January 1933 was followed by several months in which Germany went from being a parliamentary democracy to a totalitarian state. Not satisfied with merely seizing the centers of political power in Germany, the police, and the judicial system, the Nazi regime strove to reshape the social fabric in accordance with its worldview. This was implemented by taking over youth movements, trade unions, women's organizations etc. Another center of activity in the quest for control was the use of organized terror against opponents and ideological enemies of the regime .This activity culminated in the establishment and operation of a network of concentration camps for political prisoners and others. The Nazis made intensive use of propaganda to instill their worldview. They took over cultural institutions and reshaped the agenda of the educational system. The economic and political achievements of the Nazi regime in its early years, as well as the effort made to maintain legal cover for its activities, added to its stature among the German people and increased support for it even among those who did not think of themselves as Nazis.

Total Sources (by media type):

Artifact Collection 18
Diaries and Letters 1
Documents 44
Lexicon Entries 54
Maps and Charts 8
Photographs 118
Research 12
Testimonies 7
   
Total Sources 262