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The Holocaust

The Holocaust Resource Center

Jew-Hatred Throughout History

Before the 19th Century, hatred of the Jews focused mainly on the religious hostility between Judaism and Christianity. As the most prominent religious minority in Christian Europe, the Jews were a tolerated, yet persecuted presence. The persecutions increased during periods of religious tension such as the Crusades. At times, the Jews were required to obtain special permits in order to live within the Christian territories. These permits were always on a temporary basis. The fact that the Jews were restricted to certain types of mercantile occupations often created antagonism between the Christians and Jews because of the tensions these restrictions created.

At the beginning of the modern era, it seemed as though hatred of the Jews would gradually disappear as the principles of the Enlightenment took hold. This didn't happen. Towards the end of the nineteenth century, some European countries used this hatred as a tool for forming political parties and organizations. It was during this period that the term anti-Semitism was first used.

Total Sources (by media type):

Artifact Collection 1
Lexicon Entries 4
Photographs 9
Research 3
Testimonies 3
Total Sources 20