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The Holocaust

The Holocaust Resource Center

The Camps as Instruments of Racial Policy

Nazi Concentration Camps were established before the outbreak of World War II. Jews as well as Sinti and Roma (previously known as "Gypsies") were incarcerated in these camps due to their race or for "defiling" the Aryan race, and were subjected to brutal treatment. Following the Nazi expansion to the East, a substantial increase of camp inmates produced a hierarchical system in these camps, with the Jews at the bottom of the hierarchy. The camps were used as a tool for instituting the new racial order that the Germans imposed in the East as part of a deliberate policy of eliminating "undesirables".

An important development of Nazi Racial Policy was the imprisonment of the Sinti and Roma in concentration camps after being incarcerated in communal camps in the 1930s. In 1942 a Sinti and Roma camp was especially formed in Auschwitz-Birkenau. The development of the camp system was an integral part of enforcing the Nazi Racial Policy.

Total Sources (by media type):

Artifact Collection 18
Lexicon Entries 21
Photographs 97
Research 3
Testimonies 10
Total Sources 149
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