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The Holocaust

The Holocaust Resource Center

The Death Marches

The last stage of the "Final Solution of the Jewish Question" began in the summer of 1944. As the Red Army advanced and German forces collapsed in the East, inmates of the camps in Poland and the Baltic states were evacuated. During the first few months, the evacuation proceeded in an orderly fashion, with the prisoners being transferred to labor camps in Germany to be exploited further for the war effort. Later, during the collapse of the Third Reich, the evacuation became chaotic, and its aims became unclear. Toward the end of the war, an order was issued to stop murdering the prisoners. However, the death marches simply became an additional tool for the mass murder, which nevertheless continued and even intensified, as the prisoners were marched westward.

Total Sources (by media type):

Lexicon Entries 2
Photographs 3
Research 3
Testimonies 10
Total Sources 18