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The Holocaust

The Holocaust Resource Center

Leadership Structures

The new reality following the Nazis rise to power, forced the German Jews to reorganize their leadership institutions. The Reichsvertretung der Deutschen Juden (Reich Representation of German Jews), founded in September 1933, was a coalition that encompassed most of the German Jews and coordinated their public activities until the end of 1938. Later, in Germany and in Nazi-occupied Western Europe, a Jewish council] was established in each country to provide leadership under Nazi supervision known as the Judenräte. The Judenräte had to contend with the tension between their responsibility, under the circumstances, to comply with German orders commitment and moral obligation to tend to the Jews' needs and to alleviate their suffering. In the ghettos and in Jewish communities in Western Europe, various groups, some of them underground movements, functioned alongside the institutionalized leadership and provided alternative leadership (Organization and Leadership).

Total Sources (by media type):

Artifact Collection 29
Diaries and Letters 9
Documents 18
Lexicon Entries 40
Photographs 12
Research 5
Testimonies 3
Total Sources 116